Configuring the system
Disk partitioningRecommended Partitioning Scheme: "For new users, personal Debian boxes, home systems, and other single-user setups, a single
/partition (plus swap) is probably the easiest, simplest way to go." [...] " For multi-user systems or systems with lots of disk space, it's best to put
/homeeach on their own partitions separate from the
Keyboard layoutI use a laptop with a Finnish keyboard and a docking station with a French keyboard. I chose the "SHIFT+ caps lock" keys to change from one keyboard layout to the other. By default the French keyboad has a comma as decimal separator on the numeric keypad. I changed this under:
system settings / region and language / layouts / French / Options / Numeric keypad delete key behaviour / 4 level key with dot
Installing programsPackage management with apt-get or aptitude. Aptitude is recommended. Here is a comparison in a forum.
ProgrammingInstall a version tracking system
sudo aptitude install git
git config --global color.ui true
Install the vim text editor
sudo aptitude install vimEdit the vim configuration file:
vim ~/.vimrcIn this file add:
filetype indent on
au BufNewFile,BufRead *.md set filetype=txt
Non-Free (unfortunately)Skype on Debian wiki (for 64 architecture) try alternatives Ekiga and Linphone (Linphone use with French ISP free). Load skype for Debian from the website, then:
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 sudo apt-get update
Adobe Flashsudo dpkg -i skype-install_file_you_downloaded.deb sudo apt-get -f install
sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree
sudo update-flashplugin-nonfree --install
Super userAs a super user install the program called "sudo" :
apt-get install sudohow to-properly-configure-sudoers-file-on-debian-wheezy
I am in the sudo group
adduser paul sudo
The user `paul' is already a member of `sudo'.
addgroup sudoBut I get the warning message:
addgroup: The group `sudo' already exists.
paul is not in the sudoers file. This incident will be reported.It seems I have to restart the system.
Web browserWhy Firefox has been rebranded as iceweasel.
"Debian was initially given permission to use the trademarks, and adopted the Firefox name. However, because the artwork in Firefox had a proprietary copyright license which was not compatible with the Debian Free Software Guidelines, the substituted logo had to remain."